Wiggins and McTighe, the authors of Learning by Design, promote the ‘backward design model’ for course design.
Backward design is comprised of three stages:
“In stage 1 we consider our goals, examine established content standards (national, state, district), and review curriculum expectations” (18).
What “collected evidence [is] needed to document and validate that the desired learning has been achieved” (18).
Determine “appropriate instructional activities” (18)
When creating lesson objectives you should ask what evidence can you produce at the end of instruction that proves the students actually learned the content. This evidence may be the product of course activities and/or assessments (performance tasks and projects).
Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Expanded 2nd Edition. Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 2005